Nashik district is divided in two portions or zones viz. western parts of district receiving heavy rains comprising of Igatapuri, Peth, Trimbak, Surgana, Nashik and Kalwan Talukas and Eastern parts which is drought prone area comprising of Malegaon, Nandgaon, Chanwad, Yeola, Sinner, Deola and Baglan talukas.
The annual Rainfall in Nashik district during last two years was above average. In 2005-06 it was 1056.5 mm and in 2006-07 it was 1075.77 mm. In the year 2006 heavy rains were received during the month of June. From 1st June till 17 th August total rainfall in Nashik district is 20459.9 mm. As on today almost all talukas except Malegaon and Deola talukas have received more than average annual rainfall. In talukas Trambak, Igatpuri, Nashik and Chanwad rainfall is 144.7 % 115.4 % 149.2 % and 158.3 % respectively. In this spell, rainfall during 6th August till 17th August, few talukas have received rainfall equal to total average annual rainfall. Hence the damages due to these heavy rains are very severe and widespread in the district. Almost all talukas are equally affected by these heavy rains.
This year preparation to tackle the heavy rainfall and flood situations was done well in advance. On 6th June Divisional Commissioner, Nashik division conducted a meeting to plan the disaster management activity in the district. All aspects related with calamities like flood, heavy rains, land slides were discussed and all departments including Military/Army were given instructions to prepare and respond to the situations.
Whenever intimations and warnings were received from meteorological department the same was promptly passed to the SDMs, Tahsildars, Police, Municipal corporations, Irrigation dept. Revenue dept., Police dept. and Municipal corporations had very good co-ordination in the work.
The heavy rains started in the district on 6th August and went on increasing day by day till 10th August. All dams were monitored by irrigation dept. officers punctually giving intimation to revenue, police and municipal authorities about the discharges released from various dams each hour. Frequent communication and interactions between these departments help take proper decision and early warnings to the people in affected areas. Revenue dept. intimated all villages on the banks of the river Godavari, Darna and Kadwa.
Three life saving boats were kept ready for rescue operations. Few boats were hired from private operators in Nashik and were deployed in Chandori village in Niphad taluka. Chandori and Saykheda are two main villages which are immediately affected by the back water of weir at Nandur madhyameshwar over Godavari River. Military assistance was called to rescue people if the situations demand. Survey was also conducted at Chandori village by 50 army personnel requisitioned from artillery head quarters, Deolali.
If discharge from Gangapur dam crosses 25000 cusec level the flow affects the Nashik city and few villages downstream. Danger levels is 35000 cusec at Darna Dam on Darna river cause damages in back water zone villages in Igatpuri and Nashik talukas. High discharge more than 50000 cusec from Palkhed Dam causes damages in villages down stream along Kadwa river in Niphad and Dindori talukas. Above 90,000 cusses discharge at Nandur Madhameshwar weir disconnects the bridge joining Chandori and Saykheda villages. The discharge at Nandur Madhameshwar increased to 2,81,023 cusec on 9/8/06 and the villages were surrounded by water and disconnected. Before, the people endangered were shifted to the safe rescue camps in the nearby school buildings. At the same time in many villages people were shifted temporarily to safer areas. Radio broadcasting was regularly released and people all over the district were alerted well in advance, time and again. Mobile phones, SMS were used to communicate messages well in time to all at a time. Based on rainfall irrigation and revenue department planned the discharges to be released from dams. Runoff from free catchments was also taken into consideration to estimate total flow of water. Revenue officers worked day and night at the control rooms opened at each Tahsil, SDO office and Collector office Nashik. Revenue officers worked with people in rescue operations and had great co-ordination with all Government machinery. Civil defense and home guards played important role next to police in mitigation of disaster. These teams comprising of civil defense personnel and home guards trained in rescue operation with boats, life saving jackets, lifebuoys, ropes worked at several places affected by floods. These teams shifted 300 people to safe places on 7th , 8th and 9th August water levels in rivers was so high that many people were trapped in water and emergency like situation arose. To rescue people from there floods Army helicopters were called. Their helicopters saved many people and rescued them. Around 278 people were rescued with the help of these helicopters on 7th,8th,9th and 10th of August.
On 11th August intensity of rainfall slightly slowed down and floods were receding, levels in the rivers deflect.
On 11th August the Relief operations were started and Panchnamas of damages to the houses were started Also disbursement of gratuitous relief was immediately started people rendered destitute were given immediate help and food grains, kerosene as per the directions from the Government some NGOs also help people with supply of foodgrains, water, utensils, clothing. Grant of Subsidy to repair houses damaged by floods and contineous rains was immidiately undertaken.
Villages from Malegaon, Chandwad, Kalwan, Baglan talukas have houses build in clay. Damages to there houses are widespread and extensive. As many as 19 persons are reported to be dead in these floods till 17th August. Out of these heirs of 10 persons were granted relief as per the instructions. 2 out of these are missing and their dead bodies are yet not found. Four amongst these are unknown persons whose enquiry is going on. In other 4 cases detail enquiries, post mortem reports are awaited.
Highlights of Disaster Management
• Early warning systems:
A) Radio broadcasting of forecast of weather, Intimation of discharges from various dams, specific instructions to the villages which may be affected due to floods. Appeal to people to reach safe places. Information regarding traffic, roads and clarification of any rumors spread.
B) Fast communications-
C) Decision Making-
D) A) Use of army
Dhule District has four talukas Viz. Dhule, Sakri, Shindkheda & Shirpur. It consists of 676 villages having total population of 17,08,993.
The most parts of the district had heavy rains from 06.00 PM on 5th Aug. 2006 to 18.00 PM on 7th Aug 2006. Immediate Reports from talukas on 6/8/2006 morning indicated that almost all the rivers in the district were spate. Also reports form irrigation departments indicated the water discharges form the dams were above normal levels.
Tapi is major rivers in the District and all other rivers are its tributaries. Also Girna & Purna are other major tributaries contributing to Tapi waters form Jalgaon District. Hatnur is medium project on Tapi upstream in Jalgaon District and Ukai dam is a major project downstream. We had identified 92 villages as flood prone in the district in advance as a risk assessment measure.
On 6/8/2006 morning District administration geared up for response. we immediately ascertained water stocks in all the small and medium projects and water discharges from them. We also contacted CWC offices of Hatnur (Bhusawal) and Ukai (Surat) and ascertained the inflow to and outflow from Hatnur and position at Ukai. On assessing the reports we visualized/anticipated imminent disastrous flood situation in Tapi basin and adjoining areas. We immediately contacted following authorities/agencies for providing boats for flood rescue operations since this district did not have one.
1. Collector, Jalgaon 2.Collector, Nashik 3.Commissionerate, Nashik Division 4. Dy.Secretary, Relief & Rehabilitation 5.Municipal Commissioner, Surat Municipal Corporation, Gujrat
We needed at least four boats but were able to get only one OBM rubber boat from Nasik and two boats from Surat Municipal Corporation.
On by 6th Aug 2006 on 02.00 PM Sahur village on Tapi bank in Shindkheda taluka was cut off from rest of the land due to flood water. At this time discharge from hatnur dam was about 4.Lac. cusses. We received only one OBM boat from Nashik at 08.40 PM & we rashed with it to Sahur at 09.15 PM. Due to very heavy rains through out we reached on bank of Amravati river (which had to be crossed to rich near Sahur village) near Dondaicha at about 01:15 AM on 7th Aug. 2006. Since this river was spate with the too strong currents the Flood Rescue Team (FRT) could not proceed further. By 7th Aug 2006 at 06.00 AM twelve more villages in the Taluka (Shindhkheda) too were water locked due to floods and water discharges from various projects which had doubled to 9,55,000 cusses. On 7th Aug 2006 at 06:00 am FRT, led by DPO(DRM), reached close to Sahur and launched the Rescue operations. By noon on that day the discharge was at record peak at 15 Lac cusses as measured at Prakasha Bridge about 40 Km downstream of Rescue Operation site. FRT experienced the dangerous and rapidly rising water levels. From then to 06:00 pm on 9th Aug. 2006 FRT rescued about 1350 people from five most severely affected five villages(Sahur, June Shendhwade , Tekwade, Vadade-Chawadade & June Kolde) on the extreme downstream of Tapi river in Sindhkheda Taluka of the District (760 From Sahur, 470 from June Shendhwade, 45 from Takarkheda, 37 from Varde-Chawade, 01 from June Korde).
Other two boats (medium capacity-about 40 passengers) were pressed into rescue operation in upstream sector of Tapi river in Sindhkheda and Shirpur Taluka. They could rescue about 40 people and had to return to Surat on 7th Aug 2006 night amidst of rescue operation as the flood situation in Surat (on the banks of Tapi)was worsening by then.
In all 45 villages were cut of due to floods (13 in Sindhkheda & 23 in Shirpur Taluka). About 12400 people were evacuated to safe places in the District. One OBM rubber boat, 2 medium boats from Surat, 3 private small boats and state transport buses were pressed into rescue and evacuation operations.
On 8th Aug 2006 at Village June Kolde the only Rescue boat, at one instance during the rescue operation, was tilted, caught in swirl and filled with water to almost half level. FRT team members immediately jumped out into the water but were caught suddenly in sharp current of floodwater and were almost drowned. The OBM boat was washed away. However with exemplary courage and skills they made their way to safety and also valiantly retrieved the boat we immediately joined hands and formed chain to withstand the force of the strong current and sharp current and to move inch by inch to safety. We succeeded in that with Herculean efforts. Two of the FRT members succeeded in reaching the opposite bank of the current. They also valiantly retrieved the boat. They resumed the operation next morning and provided relief of medicines, physicians and food supplies in June Korde Village on 10th Aug 2006.
For evacuating and providing relief under disastrous flood situation in Dhule District from 6th Aug 2006 to 9th Aug 2006 under serious adverse conditions the Flood Rescue Team members and others (who supported the FRT) were awarded certificate of honor by Hon. Guardian Minister of the District Shri. Ravindra Patil on 15th Aug 2006 at Collectorate Dhule.
The River Tapi and Narmada are two main rivers of the district. Narmada flows on the border of the district. Tapi flows through Nandurbar and Shahada tehsils of the district. There are 63 villages situated on the bank of River Tapi and its tributaries are badly affected.
Tapi river basin is big in size. It starts form Madhya Pradesh and ends in Gujarat coast. The heavy rainfall during the month of August in Tapi basin in states of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtrta caused heavy floods in River Tapi.
The heavy rainfall warning was received by the Collector Nandurbar Office and the message was immediately communicated to concerned Tahsildars and district agencies. The rainfall and floods warning was issued to affected villages on the same day during night hours. The villagers, their representatives, local Panchayat members were intimated by Tahsildars and their village level staff.
Total 63 villages in the district were marooned due to heavy floods in River Tapi and its’ tributaries Gomai. Kanher etc. The flood waters of river Tapi were flowing above the danger level. The major bridges at Prakasha Sarankhada villages and Kukurmunda in nearby Gujarat state were under submergence. The high flood levels in main Tapi river was obstructing the water from the tributaries due to which the level of water in tributaries rose higher than the main river. The lower elevation areas of affected villages were under total submergence and some villages were also under total submergence. The submergence and high floods level was continued for 72 hours.
Rescue Operation: The villagers were informed about the floods levels and the evacuation work was started immediately. The Revenue, Police and Zilla Parishad village authorities were at work. The affected peoples were taken to safer places with the help of local villagers. The people were taken out with the help of ropes, small paddle boats, and local small boats in the beginning. The Army and Navy were requisitioned for rescue work in Shahada Taluka. The rescue operation was finished within 24 hours. Four officers and 145 Jawans, 2 officers and 16 soldiers, 4 speed boats were deployed for rescue operations.
The total no of persons evicted during rescue operations were 43322. The evacuated persons were accommodated in 56 camps. The arrangements for food and other amenities were provided in the camps.
All the dams in the district were totally filled up due to heavy rain. 5 Lac cusses water was discharged from the hatnur dam constructed on the Tapi & Purna River. Flood situation was created in Chopda & Amalner Tehsil due to heavy discharge of water from Aner Dam. Flood situation was created in Mukainagar, Bhusawal & Rever Tehsil, due to back water of Hatnur Dam.
44 people in Jogakhede tehsil Bhusaval, 60 people in Ghodasgaon Tehsil Mukatainagar & 6 people in waghari tehsil Jamner were rescued from the Flood water. 50 people in a luxury bus at Muktainagar were rescued from the flood water.
Approximately 16089 peoples were affected temporarily & were evacuated to different places. Peoples temporarily evacuated were returned to their original place after flood situation was over. 4 lifeboats have been made available to the district administration & 1 was available from irrigation department. The situation was under control.
The water catchments are of Girna Dam is in Nashik District & due to heavy rain in Nashik district, 123221 Cusses water was discharged from Girna Dam.
At present due to the less ratio of rainfall in all Tehsils of Jalgaon district situation is under control.
Flood situation in Ahmednagar district arises mainly due to the heavy discharge of water from various dams in Nashik and Pune district. Discharge of water upto 2,81,023 cusecs in the Godawari river from the Nandur-Madhameshwar dam in Nashik district created flood situation mainly in the villages which are situated on the bank of the Godawari river in Kopergaon, Rahata, Shrirampur and Newasa tahsil of Ahmednagar district.
Due to heavy rainfall in Akola tahsil of Ahmednagar district discharge of water upto 26,340 cusecs in the Pravara river created flood situation in Rahata, Shrirampur and Newasa tahsil. Mula and Pravara rivers meets near village Pachegaon of Newasa tahsil and also discharge of water upto 44,000 cusecs from Mula dam in the Mula river created flood situation in Rahuri and Newasa tahsil. The flood situation of the Newasa tahsil arises due to heavy discharge of water in the Godaveri, Pravara and mula river and also due to backwater of Jayakwadi dam in the Aurangabad district.
Discharge of water from various dams in Pune district upto 2,54,960 cusecs in the Bhima river and discharge of water upto 70,000 cusecs in the Ghod rievr and backwater of Ujani dam in Solapur district created flood situation in Shrigonda and Karjat tahsil.
Discharge of water upto 2, 50,000 cusecs from Jayakwadi dam in the Aurangabad district creates flood situation in Mungi village of Shevgaon tahsil of Ahmednagar district.
The district administration time to time issued warning regarding heavy rain and heavy discharge of water from various dams through All India Radio, Ahmednagar station and local administration and also provided timely flood, rescue and relief information on four digits toll free telephone No.1077 from the District Control Room. In the district 192 Relief Camps were opened for the evacuated persons.
On 8/8/06 at Maigaon Devi, Kopergaon tahsil airlifting by the Helicopter was done and 22 people were rescued there. At village Gangapur of Rahuri tahsil 14 persons were rescued by inflatable boat by the district flood rescue team. At Kopergaon 60 people were rescued by the two Navy rescue boats. Also at various places rescue work was done by the revenue staff with the help of Police and Home Guards and local volunteers. People were forcefully evacuated at most of the places by the administration.
On 9/8/06 at various places rescue work was done by the administration at many villages of Shrirampur, Kopergaon and Newasa tahsil. In the Shrirampur tahsil at village Kamalpur (Domegram) 60 and at village Sarla 32 people were rescued by the inflatable boat by the district flood rescue team. In the Kopergaon tahsil at village Sanvatsar - 9, Kolgaon thadi - 6, Dharangaon - 45, manjoor 7, Dauch -12 people were rescued by the Navy rescue boats. At village Jainpur of Newasa tahsil 60 people were rescued by one Column of Military with the help of rescue boat.
On 10/8/06 at various places rescue work was done by the administration at Sarla village of Shrirampur tahsil - 89 people were rescued by the district flood rescue team with the help of the inflatable boat and at village Mahankalwadgaon & Khanapur of Shrirampur tahsil 68 & 104 people were rescued by one Column of Military with the help of rescue boat. At Bhalgaon of Newasa tahsil 7 people were rescued by the administration with the help of local boats.
The rescue work carried out mainly in Shrirampur, Kopergaon, Newasa and Rahuri tahsil. Total 499 persons were rescued with the help of 2 inflatable boats of the district administration, 2 Navy boats, one Column of Military with 1 rescue boat and 2 inflatable boats received from Divisional Commissioner Nashik and some local boats.
Total six persons were reported dead during the period of 6/8/06 to 12/8/06 of which 5 persons were dead due to floods and one due to collapse of house wall.
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