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Historical Background: Like the Greek City States, the villages in the ancient India had always been autonomous units. The characteristic feature of administration in ancient India was the prevalence of freedom and autonomy in governing the village institutions. However, the villages lost their autonomy as more power came to be vested and concentrated in the sovereign kings.

During the British administration, some attempts were made to revive the local self-government institutions in India with view to training the people in the administration of such institutions by giving them representations in such local bodies. As a result, municipalities, district school boards and janpadsabhas came to be established; subsequently village panchayats also came to be founded and as a result of this it was possible for British Government to regenerate confidence among the masses inhabiting the rural areas.

After the reorganisation of the erstwhile State of Bombay, the Village Panchayats Act was passed in 1958, for the whole State. This Act envisaged a Village Panchayat Mandal for every district. Not only this but gat nyaya panchayats came to be organised for groups of five or more village panchayats.

In course of time, the experience gained indicated that the progress of rural development was not commensurate with the expectations of the Government. Various development activities introduced in the various Plan periods could not achieve a commendable amount of success owing to non-participation of the villagers in the implementa­tion of such development schemes. The Central Government came to the conclusion that it was necessary for the Government to investigate the causes behind such a state of affairs. It therefore, appointed a committee called the 'Balwantrai Mehta Committee.'

The 'Balwantrai Mehta Committee' pointed out mainly, among other findings that the Government could not succeed in appealing and attracting the leadership of the masses to participate in the Community Develop1rtent and National Developmental Schemes. Institutions of the type of the local self-government had not taken any deep interest to participate in such development schemes and had not shown any initia­tive for such work. The part played by the village panchayats in such works was also not very encouraging. There was very often interference from the Government in the affairs of the local boards. The Committee came to the conclusion that the urgent necessity of the day, to remedy this state of affairs, was the decentralisation of power and responsibility at the lower level. The Committee, therefore, suggested that the respon­sibility for such regional and local development work should be assigned to such local institutions at the district level with the Government accepting the role of guiding, supervising and planning from a higher level, making available the required finances and so on.

The 'Balwantrai Mehta Committee' recommended the formation of local committees on par with Block Development Committees, to be named as Panchayat Samitis, and at the district level a district committee to be called Zilla Parishad, instead of the local boards, etc., in order to secure integration in the various developmental activities. Thus, the Gram Panchayat, the Panchayat Samiti and the Zilla Parishad are the three responsible functionaries in the decentralisation of administration, which are entrusted with the implementation of the developmental schemes.

Thus, an Act, to provide for the establishment of Zilla Parishads and P1mchayat Samitis, to assign to them local Government functions, and to entrust the execution of certain works and deve10pment schemes in the State Five-Year Plans and to provide for the decentralisation of powers and functions under certain enactments was passed in 1961, known as the Maharashtra Zilla Parishads and Panchayat Samitis Act, 1961.

In 1962, as per the Maharashtra Zilla Parishad and Panchayat Samiti Acts, Zilla Parishad and 13 Panchayat Samities were formed. Later  14th  and 15th Panchayat Samiti Deola & Trimbak were formed.

The working of Zilla Parishad is carried out according to Sthai Samit (Standing Committee) and Finance, Works, Agriculture, Education,Health, Social Welfare Subject Samities. Administrative head of the Zilla Parishad is from I.A.S. cadre. The president of Zilla Parishad is elected by the people who has the major powers. Each Subject Samity have the Head called as ‘Sabhapati’.

The statistics of Panchayat Samities are given below.

No. Of Blocks in District NASHIK : 15


Block Name Block HQ Location No of Panchayats No of Villeges

NASHIK

NASHIK

64

135

DINDORI

DINDORI

120

157

IGATPURI

IGATPURI

92

120

TRIMBAKESHWAR

TRIMBAK

84

125

PEINT

PEINT

73

201

NIPHAD

NIPHAD

120

137

SINNAR

SINNAR

114

129

YEOLA

YEOLA

88

125

MALEGAON

MALEGAON

130

154

NANDGAON

NANDGAON

88

93

CHANDWAD

CHANDWAD

91

112

KALWAN

KALWAN

80

182

SATANA

SATANA

129

180

DEOLA

DEOLA

42

46

SURGANA

SURGANA

58

188

NASHIK

NASHIK

1373

1938




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Contact Telephone Numbers for Panchayat Samiti Authorities

Panchayat Samiti Authority

Tele Number (Office)

Chairman, Baglan Pan. Samiti.

226015

Chairman, Chandwad Pan.Samiti

252306

Chairman, Sinnar Pan.Samiti

220093

Chairman, Surgana Pan.Samiti

223303

Chairman, Dindori Pan.Samiti

221045

Chairman, Deola Pan.Samiti

229103

Chairman, Igatpuri Pan.Samiti

227021

Chairman, Yeola Pan.Samiti

265046

Chairman, Kalwan Pan.Samiti

221036

Chairman, Malegaon Pan.Samiti

253723

Chairman, Nandgaon Pan.Samiti

242359

Chairman, Nashik Pan.Samiti

2578423

Chairman, Niphad Pan.Samiti

241030

Chairman, Peint Pan.Samiti

225536

Chairman, Trimbakeshwar Pan.Samiti

233812

B.D.O.Baglan

223015

B.D.O. CHANDWAD

252239

B.D.O. SINNAR

220052

B.D.O. SURGANA

223303

B.D.O. DINDORI

221004

B.D.O. DEOLA

229103

B.D.O. IGATPURI

244026

B.D.O. YEOLA

265046

B.D.O. KALWAN

221036

B.D.O. MALEGAON

254584

B.D.O. NANDGAON

242240

B.D.O. NASHIK

2578423

B.D.O. NIPHAD

241030

B.D.O. PEINT

233812


 

 



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